Raisethefist.com: Guide to the Syrian opposition
Guide to the Syrian opposition
by anonymous Wed Jul 25 21:18:51 PDT 2012
More than a year after the uprising began in Syria, the opposition remains fractious and deeply divided.
The wide variety of political groups, exiled dissidents, grassroots activists and armed militants have been unable to agree on how to overthrow President Bashar al-Assad.
Several groups, however, have tried to form coalitions to unite opposition supporters in Syria and gain international help and recognition.
Here is a guide to some of the most prominent groups.
The Syrian National Council (SNC) is a coalition of seven opposition groups aimed at offering a credible alternative to President Assad's government and serving as a single point of contact for the international community.
Its formation in October recalled that of Libya's National Transitional Council (NTC), which earned international recognition through its opposition to the rule of Col Muammar Gaddafi and has formed an interim government.
The SNC includes:
The Damascus Declaration for Democratic Change grouping - a movement born during the so-called "Damascus Spring" of 2000/2001 which called for broad democratic reform, and was soon suppressed
The Muslim Brotherhood
Local Co-ordination Committees - grassroots movements that have led and documented demonstrations
Syrian Revolution General Commission (SRGC) - a coalition of 40 opposition grassroots groups
Kurdish factions, tribal leaders and independent figures
The SNC has a Secretariat General composed of representatives of the various member groups, which elect a 10-member Executive Committee and a president whose term is renewable every three months.
The current president is Abdelbaset Sayda, a Kurd who has lived in exile in Sweden for a number of years.
He replaced Paris-based academic Burhan Ghalioun as leader of the SNC on 9 June with a mandate to reform and restructure the organisation.
Mr Ghalioun stepped down in May 2012 after criticism that in his nine months as leader, he had failed to reconcile different groups within the opposition and present a united front.